Posted in English

Match the antonyms. One of the words is extra one.

  1. optimistic pessimistic
  2. hard-working lazy
  3. intelligent silly
  4. decent-indecent
  5. just unjust
  6. beautiful ugly

Open the brackets and put the verb into the correct tense.

  1. Our family saved money for a new car by the end of the year.
  2. If you catch the taxi, you will meet Mary at the station.
  3. Father told us that he bought the tickets the day before.
  4. The girl waters her flowers in the morning.
  5. This time tomorrow they will be siting in the train on their way to Chicago.
  6. Many reporters came to the conference yesterday.
  7. Don’t shout! My son is sleeping.
  8. He already broke his new bicycle.

Characterize a person.

  1. Steve isn’t afraid of dangerous situations. He is brave.
  2. Ann can’t stop talking. She is talkative.
  3. Bogdan hates spending money. He is money saver.
  4. Kate is friendly and enjoys being with other people. She is introvert.
  5. Harry never tells a lie. He is honest.
Posted in English


7b Complete the sentences. Use the complete form of the verb.

2.  If there are more cars on the roads in the roads, there will be more pollution.

3. If you see Jane, can you give her my message?
4. If pollution increases, more plants and animals will die.
5. I will not tell you my secret if you don’t come to Mark’s party with me.
5. My parents will be really angry if they don’t see my bedroom.

7c Complete the questions. Use the correct form of the verbs.

Where will you go if you go out this weekend?

What will you buy if you go shopping this weekend?

If you don’t go out this evening, what will you do?

If your doesn’t give you any homework today what will you do?

If you’re going to phone a friend tonight, what are you going to talk about?

7g Match the two parts of the sentences.

We won’t understand unless the teacher explains.

I won’t have any money unless my dad gives me some.

Unless he studies harder, he’ll fail his exams.

Nobody will know our secret unless you tell someone.


It’s smaller than USA, isn’t it?

It isn’t Vancouver, is it?

Cities in the USA are much bigger than that, aren’t they?

You’ve been there before, haven’t you?

WOW. You don’t know much about Canada at all, do you?

2d Write the question tags.

They don’t live here, do they?

She likes chocolate, doesn’t she?

You can’t come to the party, can you?

They went to New York, didn’t they?

She goes to our school, doesn’t she?

You’ve seen that film haven’t you?

She hasn’t done that, has she?

Posted in English

A letter to my mother

Hi, dear mother

With this letter I want to thank you for everything you’ve done for me. I want to thank you for giving me the possibilities to learn and gave me a chance to be better than yesterday, for making me comfortable anywhere in the world, helping me with anything I asked, for giving me supply to survive, for giving me what I wanted and what I dreamed of, for all of that I have to thank you my whole life.

I really love you, because of the things you’ve done for me. I like your kind-hearted personality, because of that you’ve given me so much to learn from you and chance to learn. I again want to  thank you.

Your one and only  son` Arno

Posted in English

Check your Progress Unit 12

1 Grammar

a Complete the sentences. Use the verbs in the box with the correct form of be going to.

visit help rain dance wear not ride not watch

1 Look at those clouds. It’s going to rain.

2 I’ve got a difficult history project to do. My sister is going to help me with it.

3 I am not going to watch television tonight. All the programmes are boring.

4 Are you going to wear your black jeans tonight?

5 My parents are going to visit my grandfather at the weekend.

6 Peter doesn’t like horses. He is not going to ride with us this afternoon.

7 There;s a party next Friday night, and we are going to dance all night.

b Complete each sentence with must or mustn’t.

1 Come on, Julie! We mustn’t be late!

2 It’t a great book. You really must read it.

3 Sorry, Jimmy, I’m late. I must go now.

4 You mustn’t tell anyone about this. It’s too embarrassing.

5 Diane, turn the music down! You mustn’t play it loudly!

6 I can go out with you tonight, but I must be home before midnight.

7 OK, you can have a pet snake – but it mustn’t come into the house!

c Complete the first conditional sentences with the correct form of the verbs.

1 If you help me, I will buy you a ice cream.

2 If Jack comes to school late, the teacher will be angry.

3 The neighbours will complain if we make a lot of noice.

4 If I have time, I will get the tickets this afternoon.

2 Vocabulary

a Complete the sentences using the correct multi-word verbs.

1 We’re all worried about his health. He should really give up smoking.

2 If you want to be fit, why don’t you go in for some sport?

3 If you don’t understand this word, look it up in the dictionary.

4 It was not unfair that the teacher told me off for talking. It wasn’t me who was talking.

5  You don’t need to help me with this problem. I think I can work it out myself.

6 My uncle is designer. He wants to start up his own business soon.

7 There’s a new youth club in our street. Let’s check it out.

b Complete the adjectives with the -ed or – ing ending.

1 I was really tired last night when I went to bed. Yesterday was a very tiring day.

2 We were excited about going to the football, but in the end it was a boring match.

3 I thought the Dracula film was quite frightening, but my girlfriend wasn’t frightened at all.

4 We went to a museum last Sunday. My parents thought it was really interesting, but I was a bit bored.

Posted in English

Classwork 07.02.2017

Driverless cars
Driverless cars are expected to be rolling into the streets within the next 20
years. In fact, they’ve legally been on the roads for the past years, approved for
testing purposes. It is predicted that driverless vehicles will be commercially
available at a high cost within 7 years, but it may take another 8 years for prices to
drop enough to spur mass consumption.
Today, the discussions focus primarily on the shifting of accident liability to
manufacturers and all the goodness that comes along with reducing accidents. A
truly driverless road would not be accident-free as there would still be a number of
accidents caused by mechanical or computer errors, weather conditions,
pedestrians and sheer random chance. But it would make the now-routine loss of
life on the roads far rarer.
The concept of a “driver” will be replaced with that of an “operator”, who
simply programs the vehicle’s GPS to arrive at the desired destination and pushes
the “Start” button to begin the trip. Since judgment will no longer be required of
the operator, they won’t need a driver’s license. Theoretically, a 10-year-old child
could independently take the car to school in the morning.
Computer-operated cars will eventually reshape the car design as things like
windshields will become less necessary. Drivers will be able to sit wherever they’d
like in their cars. There will be no need for gas and brake pedals as speed will be
automatically controlled by the computer. The steering wheel and the turn signal
arm can also be eliminated once the public gets used to reliability of these vehicles.
Each passenger will have a personal video display informing about a current
location, the distance to your destination, speed and personal entertainment
selections. The concept of ‘distracted driving’ will disappear as there will be no
reason to pay attention to where you are going.
Vehicle owners will no longer buy collision insurance since manufacturers
will be solely responsible for damage. Owners will only need theft insurance and
coverage for hail, falling objects or floods. To take this one step further, personal
vehicle ownership may dramatically diminish. Car dealers will have lots full of
vehicles for hire on a daily or hourly basis instead of vehicles for sale. When you
need a car, you’ll summon one using your mobile phone. The closest unmanned
vehicle will be dispatched to your home to take you where you need to go. When
done, you’ll simply push the button for the unmanned vehicle to drive itself back
to the rental lot.
The social and cultural impact of driverless cars could cause far more
upheaval than any of us could imagine. Perhaps, it would be even greater than the
impact the Internet had on commerce and communication. Obviously, the picture
being painted is the one that assumes total adoption, which is far from realistic.

You will always have transitional delays caused by the lack of free cars, the
longevity of today’s vehicles and cultural resistance.
This resembles the historical factors that affected the transition from horse to
the automobile. At the moment, the driverless car seems like a novelty. However,
it will open up new prospects. The prospect of flying cars may soon become a
reality. With computer-controlled vehicles that strictly follow traffic rules, threedimensional
roads become far less scary and more a matter of simply solving the
technological challenge.
Where we’re going, we may not need roads at all.

1.According to the author driverless cars will become cheap enough for most people
to buy within the following …
1) 8 years.
2) 15 years.
3) 7 years.
4) 20 years.

2.Which of the following statements is TRUE, according to the text?
1) A driverless car operator won’t be responsible for accidents.
2) The age required to operate a driverless car is likely to rise.
3) Driverless cars may increase the number of road accidents.
4) The driverless cars will be voice-activated.

3.To operate a driverless car, their owners will be required to …
1) set the destination on the GPS.
2) have experience in programming.
3) obtain a collision insurance.
4) have a special license

4.Which of the following, according to the author, will a driverless car have?
1) Gas and brake pedals.
2) A steering wheel.
3) Video displays.
4) A turn signal arm.

5.The author claims that with the introduction of driverless cars …
1) personal vehicle ownership will increase.
2) the number of vehicles on the roads will diminish.
3) people will rent vehicles instead of buying them.
4) vehicle owners will spend more money on insurance.

6.According to the author, driverless cars will be …
1) as important socially as the Internet.
2) enthusiastically accepted by the people.
3) operated without transitional delays.
4) used by people with caution at first.

7.The attitude of the author towards the driverless cars may be described as …
1) optimistic.
2) negative.
3) indifferent.
4) unsure.

Posted in English, N.A.S.A., Project

Why is it important to continue space exploration while countries are suffering starvation and disease?

Space is not discovered even a little, but that parts that are discovered are really beautiful and wonderful. Just knowing that we found out a little about this space is crazy. There is maybe even much beautiful places in space than we discovered. Space exploration started with small steps and got bigger as the time passed,​ first they sent cameras to see space, than animals to make sure it safe, than people started to go there and those people where called astronauts. The time passed and we discovered new planets and stars.  after all this discovering, they decided to call this pack of planets “Solar System”. Solar System is contained in a much bigger part of space which we tarted to call galaxy. Now astronauts and physiologists, doctors formed together as big family and starting exploring deep into space as N.A.S.A. . It stands for National Aeronautics and Space Administration. People ask why they spend so much money to explore the space while there are people dying of hunger, dehydration and disease. I think that Space explorations are one of the good things and achievement of this world and people. they explain that there might be a planet like our Earth and there is not any problem with food, water or disease in that planet, and we can travel there with a spaceship and build a new habitat for living and start a kind of a new life. Sadly, to achieve something good you have to sometimes sacrifice a something or someone.

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Nevsky Prospect Nevsky Prospect is the main and most famous street of St. Petersburg. The unique architectural ensemble of Nevsky Prospect was formed during the 18th – early 20th centuries. It starts from the bank of the Neva River, runs through the centre of the city and ends at the Neva River. The whole history of St. Petersburg can be seen in the history of the avenue. Nevsky Prospect is 4.5 km long and 25-60 m wide. The narrowest section is located from the Admiralty to the Moika River, A showing the original width of the avenue . After the construction of the Admiralty in 1704 and the Alexander Nevsky Monastery in 1710, it was decided to build a road B  connecting these two important structures with each other and with the Novgorod Path, which was used by Russian merchants. The construction began on both sides at the same time, the roads were laid through the wood, and in 1760s they were connected into one road, C which was not as straight as it was planned, but with a turn at the Vosstaniya Square. Nevsky Prospect got its name only in 1783. The road was paved with cobble stones, D and a few rows of trees were planted along the street . It was the first street in St. Petersburg with gas lighting. By the early 20th century Nevsky Prospect had become the financial centre of Russia E which were built by famous architects and had their offices there. Nowadays, Nevsky Prospect is the centre of cultural and social life of St. Petersburg. There are museums, theatres, exhibition halls, cinemas, restaurants, cafés, shops F and hotels there or nearby the avenue.
1. and hotels there or nearby the avenue
2. showing the original width of the avenue
3. which was not as straight as it was planned
4. which were built by famous architects and
5. connecting these two important structures with
6. and a few rows of trees were planted along the street
7. as the 40 largest banks of Russia, Europe and America odd
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Time for reading

  1. Getting around the city   G               5. The city of skyscrapers C
    2. Always in a hurry F                         6. For the holiday and more E
    3. Unknown side of the city B              7. Saving the variety A
    4. Winning and losing ODD                     8. Nickname for a building D


  1. New York is really the melting pot of the world. Over 30 percent of its
    residents have come from abroad. It is believed that the city has the greatest
    linguistic diversity on the planet. There are over 800 different languages
    spoken by its people. As some of these languages are nearly extinct, the City
    University of New York has begun a project called the Endangered Language
    Alliance. Its aim is to preserve rare languages like Bukhari, Vhlaski, and Ormuri.


  1. New Yorkers love to think they know everything about their city: where to find
    the best fruit, how to avoid paying full price at museums, what route to take to
    avoid traffic. But New York City can reveal new treasures even to its veterans.
    Beyond the city where New-Yorkers work, eat, play and commute every day
    lies a hidden New York: mysterious, forgotten, abandoned or just overlooked.
    There are places about which you’re not likely to read in any guidebook.


  1. The Chrysler Building was in a race with the Bank of Manhattan for getting the
    title of the tallest skyscraper in the world. The Bank was likely to triumph, with
    its height of 282 meters. But the spire of the Chrysler Building was constructed
    in secret inside the tower. Just one week after the Bank of Manhattan was
    finished, it was put in place, making it 318 meters tall and beating the Bank. It
    wouldn’t keep this title for long: one year later the Empire State Building was erected.


  1. The Flatiron Building was constructed between 1901 and 1903 at the
    intersection of Broadway and Fifth Avenue. It was designed by Chicago’s
    Daniel Burnham as a steel-frame skyscraper covered with white terra-cotta.
    Built as the headquarters of the Fuller Construction company, the skyscraper
    was meant to be named Fuller Building. But locals soon started calling it
    “Flatiron” because of its unusual shape. The name stuck and soon became official.


  1. How does Rockefeller Center manage to find the perfect fur-tree each
    Christmas season? They do aerial searches by helicopter, of course, and bring it
    to the city during the night when there isn’t much traffic on the streets. After
    the tree is taken down for the year, it continues to be useful. For example, in
    2005 Habitat for Humanity used the wood to make doorframes for houses for
    the poor and in 2012 the paper was used to publish a book.


  1. In New York life never stands still. People have to call cabs, ride subway cars,
    do business of all kinds, eat pizzas and sandwiches for lunch. When you
    multiply that by more than eight million people in less than 500 square miles,
    you get the idea: everyone goes everywhere as fast as it is humanly possible.
    Whatever you do, don’t stop in the middle of the sidewalk or you’ll make
    everyone around you incredibly angry.


  1. New York is extremely easy to navigate. Manhattan is divided into numbered
    streets from north to south and avenues from east to west. It’s almost
    impossible to get lost there. Buses are useful to travel around Manhattan, and
    the subway is the best means of transport to the other parts of the city. At some
    stage you’ll definitely use a yellow taxi. Try to get one on an avenue that’s
    going in the same direction you are – you’ll save time and money. And don’t
    forget to leave a tip for the driver.


Posted in English

Check your progress

1 Grammar

a Complete the sentences with will or won’t.

1 My train is running late, so I won’t be home before seven o’clock.

2 Julie isn’t feeling well, I don’t think she will go to school.

3 He’s a really good doctor. I’m sure he will became famous one day.

4 We can go to the beach tomorrow. I’m sure it won’t rain.

5 What do you think? Will you go to university?

6 James is in London, so he won’t be at the party tonight.

7 It’s quite hot today. I think I will go to swimming this afternoon.

8 Tom’s always so nice. He won’t get angry when he finds out.

9 A: Will you come to the match tomorrow?

B: Sorry, but I don’t think I won’t have time. I will come to the one next week.

10 A: Pat won’t be happy when she sees that you have broken her computer.

B: I know. I will tell her what happened as soon as she comes home.

b Circle the correct words.

1 My parents are angry/angrily because I didn’t do the washing up.

2 Our team lost yesterday. Everyone played bad/badly.

3 Last week’s test was easy/easily.

4 My sister sings good/well.

5 Hurry up, Jill! Why are you walking so slow/slowly?

6 Last night I heard a loud/loudly noise outside my room.

7 It was a slow/slowly journey and we arrived very late/lately.

8 The players were all too slow/slowly, that’s why we lost the match.

9 His mum works so hard/hardly – she’s hard/hardy at home.

2 Vocabulary

a Circle the correct words.

1 I’ll probably/sure get a job.

2 Joanne doubts/hopes to become a famous singer.

Maybe/Don’t think she’ll have children.

4 Nick thinks/probably they’ll get married soon.

5 I’m doubt/sure he’ll learn to drive.

We’ll doubt/probably watch TV tonight.

7 I doubt/sure he’ll come with us.

b Use the words to complete the sentences.

lightning foggy shower thunder wind hot rain sun

1 There was such a strong wind that some trees fell down.

2 The castle on the hill burnt down because it was struck by lightning.

3 There was heavy rain for three days – the streets looked like rivers.

4 It didn’t really rain very hard – it was only a shower.

5 We didn’t sit on the beach after 11 am. There was too much sun and it was too hot.

I’ve just heard some thunder from far away. I think there’ll be a storm soon.

I couldn’t see anything from my window this morning – it was really foggy outside!