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Check your progress

Grammar
1a
Despite him not being tall, he plays basketball really well.

However I look like my mother, my brother looks like my father.

Even though I was really tired, I continued working.

Although I thought the exam was difficult, I think I passed.

1b

I saw them ten minutes ago, so they can’t have gone far.

They’re speaking Spanish, so they might be from Argentina.

I rang her but she didn’t answer. She might have gone to bed early.

You’ve just eaten. You can’t be hungry already.

1c

I can’t believe it. I must have dropped my phone somewhere.

They’re late. They might have got lost somewhere.

You’ve finished your project? But yesterday you hadn’t even started – you must have stayed up all night.

Vocabulary

2a

Hey, listen. I’ve come up with a great idea for a song.

If you ever want to talk it over, I’m here to listen.

A problem has come up. I can’t meet you later.

Here’s an idea. Sleep on it, and tell me how you feel in the morning.

2b

I started out as a paper girl, and now I’m a journalist for the same newspaper.

All your hard work on my dress has really payed off. It looks fantastic.

Let’s just call off the barbecue untill the weather gets better.

Yesterday I came across an old photo of my mum when she was a teenager. She was really pretty!

The fire is going out. Let’s put some wood on it.

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1. a

I can’t afford to buy the new U2 CD.

I want to be a rock star.

I’ve decided to study engineering at university.

I must remember to give Jenny a birthday present.

I don’t mind getting up early during the week, but not at the weekend.

Sorry I’m late. I stopped to check my email at the cafe.

I stopped drinking milk years.

B.

1. If I lived by the beach, I would go surfing every day.

2. If we had a bigger house, I would not share a bedroom.

3. She would be healthier if she did some exercise.

4. We would not be lost if we had a map.

5. If he didn’t talk so quickly, I would understand him better.

6. What would you buy if you won lots of money?

C.

1. My computer’s too slow, I wish I had a faster computer.

2. I’m too short, I wish a was taller.

3. I don’t understand physics, If only I understood physics.

4. My football team are the bottom of the league. I wish my football team were on the top of the league.

5. I have to finish this tonight. If only I started few days before.

2

a

He has the perfect imagination for writing stories.

Going to the cinema is my favorite form of entertainment.

J. K. Rowling is rich thanks to the popularity of Harry Potter.

I always remember my grandmother for her kindness.

From his reaction, I don’t think he was very happy.

b

get into trouble / get away with it / get caught

arson / burglary / shoplifting

do community service / break the law/ get into trouble

c

If you don’t get caught than you will get away with it

One example of community service is cleaning up a dirty neighborhood.

You are usually caught for very serious crimes.

Stealing sweets from a supermarket shelf is shoplifting.

 

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Project “How to live a long and healthy life”

Expected results

Students  will write  about  their healthy life  and post in their blogs.

  • Do you think you have a healthy life style?

Yes, I train every other day and sometimes go for a run in Sunday mornings.

  • Is it possible to have a healthy life style in modern world?

It possible, if you want to be healthy you can live healthy.

  • Why do many people try to have a healthy life style?

So they don’t die.

  • What is the main purpose of it?

Being healthy keeps a human away from diseases and that human won’t die early.

  • What is healthy food?

Healthy food is when it has the correct amount of calories that a human can take and it has has correct amount of nutrition.

  • Do you pay much attention to what you eat?

Yes I do, but sometimes.

  • Do you think it is more important for you to eat healthy or tasty food?

If you know what to eat healthy food can be also tasty.

  • Do you try to eat your breakfast, lunch and dinner at a certain time every day?

No, not certainly.

  • Do you have a snack every time you are hungry or do you wait for the lunch or dinner?

Usually I wait for lunch or dinner, but if a haven’t ate anything the whole day I take a snack.

    What is better for health?
    Fish, chicken but not fried, especially deep fried. Anything that comes from threes and again better not to fry them.
  • Do you agree with the saying: «Eat your breakfast, share your lunch with a friend and give your dinner to your enemy»? Why do people say so?

That saying is said by a Japanese wise man, and it actually is true, the breakfast is when  you it a quick but a healthy meal, your lunch is fullest of all so better share it with someone, and giving your dinner to your enemy, well yeah that works, because at the time humans eat dinner at night and it’s bad, because your body is getting ready to shut itself down and you sleep, but your brain commands your body to digest and you organs don’t get rest.

  • What is healthy about not eating after 6 p.m?

Your body starts to get ready to sleep at that time and you give your body something to do.

  • Are you a success?

Hell no.

    Do you try to follow this rule?
    No.
  • Is obesity a great problem in where you live?

Yes it is.

    Why are there so many obese people in the US?

  • What are the most efficient ways to loose weight?
  • Do you think diets are useful or not?
    • Have you ever tried to go on a diet?
    • What kind of diet was it?
    • Did it work?
  • Is physical activity (jogging, going to a gym, swimming pool) an important part of a healthy life style?
  • Can you tell a physically inactive person from someone who takes care of his\her physical condition?
      What are the main differences?
  • What is your attitude to smoking?
      What is the influence of smoking on health?

    • What about passive smoking?
  • Is it hard to give up smoking?
      Do you know someone who gave up smoking?

    • What is the best way to give up smoking?
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Translation

One photographer named Simon Delle saw some mice running in his garden one day. Instead of catching a trap, he removed his tools from the shelves and decided to build a small village for special mice. As a thank-you, the mice allowed the photographer to paint them as much as they wanted.

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Check your progress

1 Grammar

a 1 My teacher caught me sleeping in class and I had to stay behind after class.

2 It’s a really big secret, OK? You won’t tell anyone.

3 I won’t come to you party. Mum says I’m not allowed to.

4 Do you have to wear a uniform to school?

5 I’m not completely stupid, you know. You need to explain everything to me!

b

The radio was invented at the beginning of the 20th century. In the First World War, radios were used to communicate with soldiers. Since the 1960s many radio signals were sent into outer space. So far, no answers were received from other planets. It’s possible that the signals have arrived on other planets, but the messages weren’t understood.

c

The planet Mars will be explored during the next few years. Special robot vehicles sent to investigate the planet’s surface. It is possible that rocks and dust from Mars brought back to earth when the vehicles return. The rocks examined to find out if it is possible to live on Mars. The questions about the Red Planet were not answered for a very long time.

d

2 Mr Hart gets his hair cut every month.

3 I saw my laptop repaired.

4 We’re going to have someone to install cable TV for us.

2 Vocabulary

a

2 It’s not small, it’s tiny.

3 Cold? I’m absolutely freezing?

4 It was more than interesting – it was very interesting.

5 That’s funny. Actually, it’s hilarious.

6  Are you tired? I’m absolutely exhausted.

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Progress Check

1 Grammar

a

1 Sorry! How long have you been waiting for me?

2 I have written 10 emails this morning.

3 Have you seen my keys anywhere?

4 I haven’t learnt Japanese very long, but I know lots of words already.

5 Have you looked outside? It has been snowing for the last hour.

6 I haven’t rent any movies for a month.

b

1 It won’t work unless you it on!

2 I would call you as soon as I get home.

3 If you don’t come inside now you will miss the programme.

4 They won’t let you in if you aren’t over 18.

c

2 I might stay in tonight.

3 I probably finish this today.

4 He likely would be hungry when he gets home.

2 Vocabulary

a

2 Someone who works for a newspaper, for instance, works in the media field.

3 If you work hardly, you do about 40 hours a week.

4 A degree certificate is an example of a taxi driver in Armenia.

5 If you are paid for singing, dancing, acting or being funny, you in a club.

6 Doctors and nurses work in hospital.

7 You are a donkey if you decide to leave your job.

8 The boss gives you a job.

9 If your business is money, you work in National Assembly.

10 What your teacher gives you is knowledge.

b

2 I can’t borrow the car unless Dad changes his mind.

3 Please stay until the film is over.

4 Oh no! Mum will be really angry when she gets home.

5 If it’s really cold, we won’t have the picnic.

c

2 Don’t worry about life-just be happy!

3 I’m thinking about what present to buy.

4 Are you getting ready for the match.

5 SHouldn’t you be revising about your exam?

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What are friends for…

Friends` what a simple word and being a friend is simple too, but being a good friend is difficult. Having a friend is an other thing, having a good friend is an other. Good friends are always by your side and will always try to get you out of tough situations. Friends should be loyal, should be honest and should always be caring.  No matter what happens a good friends should stay by your side and never stab you in the back. A good friend can teach you how to be one, can teach you things that he or she has gone through and teach things that he or she learned and understood about life. Having a good friend is hard, but it does not only come from a person to be a good friends, you also need to behave, so they can understand that you wont stab them in the back and will be loyal, honest and caring no matter in what situation you’re in.

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A story about how we met…

When I was just a child we lived in a building with 15 floors. We lived in the 11th floor. So it was impossible for me to go outside, because my parents  worried about an elevator accident or other accidents, which meant I did not have friends until I was 6 years old. So it came` my sixth birthday, we celebrated it with my cousins and that was really it. Than about two days later my father told me that we are going to move out and live in a different house. I was yet six, so I did not understand what was going on and did not have any emotional reactions. Than about a week later my father and I went to assign me to school. It was time we made the steps of moving out and so we finally did. The neighborhood was amazing and the was as well! The new building had five floors and we lived in the first.

One day I was playing in my room and I heard happy cries of children so I went to the window and looked what was happening outside. I was a boy who was going to be my future best friend and bunch of other children playing with his dad. I said to my mum: Mum, can I go outside and play. My mum answered: Why do you want do go outside. I said: I want to play with the children outside. My mum’s answer was positive and I went out. I got close to the elder and said if I can join them to play and his answer was yes and I did. A little later almost every child went to home. Me and my future best friend where left alone. He turned to me and happily asked my name. I said my name than asked his and he with a ch earful smile on his face said: My name is Noro, let’s be friends. After that we started being the closest friends of all. We came outside everyday and played, after that when we got tired we went to his or our house and played till night. We had such a great time together, but now he is in ninth grade and we do not see each other that often but when we do we have a really good time together.

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Progress check 1

1 Grammar

a Complete the sentences. Use the correct form of the past simple or present perfect simple.

1 I’ve never had a surprise party.

2 I have left school last June.

3 Why didn’t you tell me yesterday?

4 I still haven’t send an email to Dave. I’ll do it now.

5 How long has she had that piercing? It looks new.

6 Did you go to the cinema last night?

b Complete the story. Use the correct form of the past simple or past continuous.

A few years ago when I was a student, I arranged to meet a friend who visited London for a weekend. Unfortunately, I forgot to ask to ask him one very important thing – the full name and address of his hotel. I didn’t have any way to contact him, so I just decided to look for him in the busiest street in the city! What was I thinking? Anyway, I began to give up when – you’ve guessed it – I looked and saw my friend. He walked straight towards me, with a big smile on his face.

C Complete the sentences. Use the correct form of the past simple and past perfect.

1 That was the first time I had met her.

2 We weren’t hungry because we ate lunch already.

3 Everyone went to bed when I got home.

4 We arrived late but luckily the film didn’t start.

5 They took my plate away but I didn’t finish eating!

6 Did Jon see the film before?

Yes – he saw it last week.

2 Vocabulary

a Complete the sentences with verbs in the box.

1 Why is he gesturing at you like that? Have you done something wrong?

2 If you can’t hear me, you could lean forward a little.

3 Just nod your head if it’s too painful to talk.

4 Do I look nervous? I fell terrified!

5 I’ve been trying to make eye contact with her for ages, but she’s not looking this way.

6 Give him a warm smile and everything will be fine.

7 When you fold your arms, does it mean you’re upset with me?

b Complete the sentences with the correct form say or tell.

1 Have you ever told a joke where no one laughed?

2 She never said goodbye when she leaves the house.

3 I can’t tell the difference between these computers.

4 I crashed my bike into the wall and my dad really told me off.

5 It’s never too late to say sorry.

6 He didn’t even say thank you for the present.

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Homework

2 Present perfect simple with for and since.

a For each sentences below, two endings are possible and one is not. Cross the ending that is not possible.

1 My life has changed since…

I went to Spain

I met her.

2 I haven’t seen him for…

Two weeks.

a log time

3 I’ve had this photo for…

the last six weeks.

years

4 We haven’t spoken since…

Frankie’s party.

last Friday.

5 We’ve lived here for…

over fiftheen years.

most of my life.

6 I’ve loved sport since…

the first time I played football.

I was a child.

b Whrite questions with How long…?

How long have you known youre best friend?

For how long have you liked youre favourite band?

For how long have you been living in youre house?